Definition of radicalisation

For the RADart partnership, “radicalisation” is the process of developing extremist political ideologies, religious beliefs or social perceptions. While the above way of thinking is not problematic in itself, it can lead to a threat to national security when it comes to violent behaviour and beliefs.

Types of radicalisation

People can have radical ideas and being tolerant toward different opinions.
Types or radicalisation are:

  • Right-Wing Extremism
  • Politico-Religious Extremism
  • Left-Wing Extremism
  • Single-Issue-Extremism (e.g., radical environmental or animal right activists, anti-abortionists or specific anti-gay/antifeminist actions and autonomous extremist actions)

Causes of radicalisation

Societal factors

Intense experiences with the community such as network influence, diminished feelings of faith and hope due to crisis and political collapse, emotions of injustice and religious discrimination, a propensity for violent acts before recruitment and lack of a good education system.

Psychological factors

Emotions of insignificance due to traumatic experiences such as sexual abuse, lack of emotional support or social isolation, conventional prototypes and depictions of masculinity and femininity.

European Context

In recent years, radicalisation towards violent extremist positions has been a growing threat to the European Union (EU) region.

Numerous terrorist attacks and the increasing number of individuals involved in extremist groups or different forms of recent violence like xenophobia, juvenile delinquency, hate crimes towards ethnic minorities or gender violence made the phenomenon of radicalisation a priority matter on the European agenda.

Thus, in the beginning of this millennium was observed a noticeable concern about the threat of international terrorism according to the political focus of attention.

Each country faces different issues when comes to radicalization and its prevention.

RADart Newsletter

Sign up for being update about RADart project